Note: This lesson is intended for high school students and older. Teachers, please preview the photographs in the slide shows to make sure they are appropriate for your students. Understanding and teaching the vietnam war This lesson aims to take advantage of The New York Times as a living textbook — a source that chronicled the Vietnam War as it took place and that continues to look back with the benefit of hindsight. These three Times slide shows present students with different perspectives on the Vietnam War. The first two collections feature iconic and prizewinning photographs taken by Associated Press photographers. Some are disturbing, so teachers should take care to decide whether they are appropriate for students. A Buddhist monk, doused with gasoline, squatting stoically in the street as roaring flames consume his body.
Note: This lesson is intended for high school students and older. Teachers, please preview the photographs in the slide shows to make sure they are appropriate for your students. This lesson aims to take advantage of The New York Times as a living textbook — a source that chronicled the Vietnam War as it took place and that continues to look back with the benefit of hindsight.
These three Times slide shows present students with different perspectives on the Vietnam War. The first two collections feature iconic and prizewinning photographs taken by Associated Press photographers.
Some are disturbing, so teachers should take care to decide whether they are appropriate for students. A Buddhist monk, doused with gasoline, squatting stoically in the street as roaring flames consume his body. An enemy prisoner grimacing as a bullet fired from a pistol at the end of an outstretched arm enters his brain. A 9-year-old girl running naked down the road, screaming as her skin burns from napalm. Browne, Eddie Adams and Nick Ut. They are the subject of retrospectives now, in a new book and accompanying exhibitions.
The photographs are almost banal. In contrast to most images of a war that still reverberates decades later, they show soldiers lazing, showing off their squalid jungle living quarters, discovering the charm of the Vietnamese children they encounter, reveling in a rare ocean swim. Yet these photographs were taken not by professionals but by young grunts barely out of high school. Grinning wide-eyed at this strange land where they had been sent, often against their will, in circumstances they did not fully understand, with little foreboding of what might be in store, their photographs of ordinary wartime days have a special poignancy.
InCongress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on United States forces. William L. Calley Jr. Ina quarter of a million protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, D. Inthe United States halted its heavy bombing of North Vietnam. InPresident Nixon announced an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War. InPresident Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft evaders.
Inthe South Understanding and teaching the vietnam war capital of Saigon fell to Communist forces. Inthe newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.
Greenway, a former reporter and editor at The Boston Globe.
Oct 21, Just as the Vietnam War presented the United States with a series of challenges, it presents a unique challenge to teachers at all levels.
Students can do a quick freewrite, and then share their ideas with the class. Modeling Activity: Since this lesson asks students to look closely at primary sources to make observations and inferences about the Vietnam War, modeling what this kind of thinking can look like for the whole class can help students work more effectively when they are on their own.
Teachers should choose the primary source type that students will be working with photograph, article or firsthand account. Then, the teacher should do basic sourcing of the document aloud, asking who wrote or made it, as well as when, where and why did they make it.
What do they read that makes them say that? What more can they find?
No matter the document type, teachers should end the exercise by asking students: What questions does this primary source raise for you about the Vietnam War? Independent Analysis: Working on their own or in pairs, students should choose another primary source to analyze.
Perhaps the class is only working with one type of source for this activity, such as photographs. Or maybe you have more time, and students will be analyzing different types of documents.
Either way, we suggest you give students some degree of choice in picking which photograph or document they will analyze.
Students should follow the same format modeled with the class earlier. Here is a graphic organizer to help guide students PDF in their work. Class Share: After students complete their primary source analysis, you can have the class or small groups regroup and share what they noticed and inferred as well as what new questions they have.
Follow-Up Research: Students can select one of their questions about the Vietnam War, and use it to guide a research activity.
What more can they learn, whether in books or online, to answer their question. After they conduct their research, students should try to answer their question in writing, making sure to cite their sources.
Then, students can share with a partner, small group or entire class what they found out about the Vietnam War. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund. The Choices Program.
The Vietnamese were left to pick up the pieces and move on. In between was a maelstrom of colliding issues and events—Cold War proxy fights, overconfidence in a military solution, zealous patriotism, colossal miscalculations, and a tectonic shift in how American citizens relate to their government. They are organized by the themes that cover the war's key events and initiatives. The Americans went home, quickly trying to forget the experience. In the end all that was left was to end it.
The National Archives.